Switzerland Proposes Mandatory CI Cyber Incident Reporting

By   ISBuzz Team
Writer , Information Security Buzz | Dec 06, 2022 10:08 am PST

SwissInfo.ch reports that  Switzerland Proposes Mandatory Incident Reporting For Critical Infrastructure. The Swiss Parliament is being asked to update the Information Security Act to make CI incident reporting mandatory, and aid the National Cybersecurity Centre (NCSC) in assessing and addressing CI incident.

The Swiss Council began a consultation process on a proposed change to the National Act on Data Security of December 18, 2020, on January 12, 2022. (ISEA).

This proposal establishes in Switzerland the need for operators of specific categories of vital infrastructure to notify cyberattacks. The National Organization for Security (NCSC) will take on the function of a monitoring. Centre with expanded competencies, according to the proposal. Additionally, it allows for electronic notifications to be sent to the NCSC. The Proposal’s consultation period expires on April 14, 2022.

Present-Day Legal System

A clear legislative requirement for the mandatory reporting of cyberattacks does not yet exist (whether successful or not). It is optional to notify the NCSC, whose present authority is defined by the Federal Council’s Ordinance on Cyber Risks. Which went into effect on July 1, 2020.

The Regulatory Act on the Swiss Financial Industry Supervisory Authority (FINMASA). Which imposes a reporting requirement on financial institutions is also general in nature. And only applies to institutions that fall under FINMA’s purview.

Critical Infrastructure Concepts

The Proposal includes a reasonably comprehensive list of “critical infrastructure” operators. Who are required to immediately notify the NCSC of any cyberattacks. A few actors in the finance industry are explicitly targeted, along with actors. In other areas including energy, education, and healthcare. These, in particular, include businesses subject to the Insurer Supervision Act (ISA), financial institutions pursuant to the Banking Law (BA), and financial sector facilities pursuant to the Capital Markets Network Act (FMIA).

The proposal gives the Swiss Federal Government the option to exclude some actors if they are unlikely to experience breakdowns or malfunctions as a result of cyberattacks on their infrastructures, particularly given their limited reliance on IT resources.

Coordination With The Current FINMA Reporting Obligation

The requirement to disclose cyberattacks to FINMA, as outlined in Black frame Guidance 05/2020 of May 7, 2020, on the obligation to notify cyberattacks under Article 29 paragraph. 2 FINMASA, would live in tandem with the need to report to an NCSC, according to the explanation report on ISEA. The explanatory report also states that Yes bank and the NCSC would coordinate their efforts to minimise the reporting burden.

It is still unclear if the authorities will be able to implement the promised cooperation among themselves with the least amount of expense and operational difficulty for financial institutions. Financial institutions such as asset managers and trustees that are not impacted by the Proposal are nevertheless required to follow the FINMA guidelines outlined in the abovementioned FINMA Guidance of May 7, 2020.


In addition, the Proposal includes a criminal provision. That would subject violations of the obligation to notify or inform to fines of up to CHF 100,000. However, the punishment is not immediately applied; rather, it only takes effect. When the appropriate operator of the vital infrastructure has been informed of the infringement. By the NCSC and has declined to or failed to follow its requests or directions.

Additionally, the authority may decide to forego prosecuting the implicated persons in favour of fining. The relevant institutions if the fine is anticipated to be no more than CHF 20,000. The investigation is anticipated to include steps that are excessive in contrast.

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Matt Marsden
Matt Marsden , VP, Technical Account Management
InfoSec Expert
December 6, 2022 6:08 pm

“We know that visibility is power when it comes to protecting against today’s advanced, sophisticated threats. Information-sharing partnerships among the public and private sector to disseminate threat intel has been happening for a while now.
  “This new Swedish policy formalizes the concept by mandating full disclosure of attacks against critical infrastructure that can serve a baseline for detailed analysis to guard future incidents. The success of this initiative will reside in the capacity to collect, analyze, and share meaningful real time data which enables better decision making.
  “Adhering to these standards will require careful planning to ensure that organizations have the resources in place from a staffing and technology standpoint to keep pace with the voluminous data that will need to be harnessed. There needs to be a sense of urgency to spur the funding necessary to be successful.
  “This move also echoes the work we’ve seen in the U.S. with the Department of Homeland Security taking the lead to collect, analyze and share threat data with key audiences.”

Last edited 9 months ago by matt.marsden

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